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 Subject: Fcopy format reads on pc
Author: Chemmad (ip4da36aa9.direct-adsl.nl.0.163.77.in-addr.arpa)
Date:   12-30-2007 15:33

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Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht frist and lsat ltteer is at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae we do not raed ervey lteter by itslef but the wrod as a wlohe. </td>
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created 800k disks with Fast Copy Pro on the atari ST </td>
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Written by Linux user </span>
  
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Sunday, 30 December 2007 </td>
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  • Mandrake 9.1 linux and no Windows.
  • abusing a hd floppy on a dd floppydirive
<p> <div class="mosimage" align="center"><img src="http://145.120.10.81/joomla/images/stories/pastarchives.jpg" width="128" height="96" hspace="6" alt="pacifist emulator disks make" title="pacifist emulator disks make" border="0" /><div class="mosimage_caption">atari st</div></div></p><p>This document is for people who have an atari st(e) with a double density floppy drive<br /> and have a good copier program on the atari st.<br /> have a pc that has only Mandrake 9.1 linux and no Windows.</p><h3> The programm I use to prepare a normal high density disk on the ST is Fast Copy Pro,</h3><p> some drives only read genuine dd disks but my atari 1040 stfm has no problem with those disks.</p><p><img src="http://145.120.10.81/joomla/images/stories/taking_notes.jpg" width="150" height="112" hspace="6" alt="Image" title="Image" border="0" /> Nowadays, most shops only sell DVD-rw, and CD-rw, but V&D sells floppies</p><p> if your st only accepts the old 720 k dd floppies then you are out of luck.</p>

<p>  Reading ST disks with Mandrake Linux created with Fast Copy Pro on the atari ST<br /> If you want to read an write to stdisks with has different size as normal you must read this document for  more about atari disks with strange sizes like 820 kbyte. Or create a .st file</p><p> Table of Contents<br /><br /><a href="#Introduction" title="atari floppy format on pc">Introduction</a> <br /><a href="#Disk%20size" title="formats">Disk size </a> <br /><a href="http://145.120.10.81//#Preparing%20the%20disk%20on%20the%20st" target="_parent" title="using Fcopy">Preparing the disk on the st</a> <br /><a href="#Filesystem%20used%20by%20st" title="what filesystem on th st?">Filesystem used by st </a> <br /><a href="http://145.120.10.81//#Reading%20stdisk" target="_parent" title="Linux instuctions">reading stdisk</a> <br /><a href="http://145.120.10.81//#Writing%20stdisk" target="_parent" title="Linux instruction for writing to floppy for st">writing stdisk</a> <br /><a href="#appendix" title="useful tips for linux mounting disks">appendix</a> <br /><br />Introduction<a name="Introduction" title="Introduction"></a><br /><br />This document is for people who have an atari st(e) with a double density floppy drive<br />and have a good copier program on the atari st.<br />have to tranfer disk from atari  a pc with linux<br /><br />Disk size<a name="Disk size" title="Disk size"></a>.<br /><br />If you format a disk with the gem desktop format facility the disksize becomes 720 kbytes<br />Fast Copy Pro is much faster and flexible it is even possible to reservate more than 900 kbytes<br />if your diskdrive allows 82 tracks and 11 sectors per track.<br />however my pc the maximum it can do is 10 sectors per.<br /><br />on the linux computer you will find what sizes it supports.<br /><br /><br /><br />fd0@       fd0u1440@  fd0u1722@  fd0u1840@  fd0u720@  fd0u830@<br />fd0u1040@  fd0u1600@  fd0u1743@  fd0u1920@  fd0u800@<br />fd0u1120@  fd0u1680@  fd0u1760@  fd0u360@   fd0u820@<br /><br />figure 1: a dir listing of /dev<br /><br /><br />I am not sure what @ means but i think it means loopback device.<br />If you have a random acces device and the read head comes to the end it must loop back to<br />the beginning.<br /><br />fd0@ means floppy disk 0<br />fd0u360@ means single sided double density<br />fd0u720@ means double sided double density<br />fd0u1440@ means double sided high density (same as fd0@)<br />to look on your own command line box<br />type:     ls /dev fd0* this shows the above figure.<br /><br />Fast Coppy pro does not work with this nice system. it works with<br />sectors and tracks. tracks are defined with a numer between zero and 81<br />so my drive in my st  0 .. 81 ( 82 - tracks),<br /><br />fd0u720@ means double sided double density.<br />= sectors: 9 tracks 0 .. 79, sides:2<br /><br />Preparing the disk on the st<a name="Preparing the disk on the st" title="Preparing the disk on the st"></a><br /><br />We want to put the max. out of the hardware. So lets make disk suitable for fd0u830@<br />we need tape to cover the hole so the hd detection meganism knows we are dealing with dd<br />and not with hd. Stuped if you put a tape over the copy protection hole :-P<br /><br />sectors: 10, tracks: 0 .. 81, sides:2<br />push the format button.<br /><br />Filesystem used by st<a name="Filesystem used by st" title="Filesystem used by st"></a><br /><br />linux mounts a device on a folder. Mount supports many different formats.<br />You can access that folder if it was on your permanent on your system.<br />but if you want to remove this disk frome the device you must unmount it.<br />mount needs to know what filesystem a stdisk in our device uses.<br /><br />so you specify the -t option of mount msdos<br /><br />Reading stdisk<a name="Reading stdisk" title="Reading stdisk"></a><br /><br />on your own command line box<br />type:<br /><br />su           /* you must be root to mount a floppy, you will be prompted for passw */<br />mount /dev/fd0u830 -t msdos /mnt/floppy<br /><br />you can acces now in /mnt/floppy<br />copy or remove all your stuff want to have on the diskt to the /mnt/floppy folder.<br /><br />Writing stdisk<a name="Writing stdisk" title="Writing stdisk"></a><br /><br />on your own command line box<br />type:<br /><br />umount /mnt/floppy<br /><br />if you have a emulator, and do not care about accessing st files from linux<br />you can also make an image. we must know how big it is is you can use the dir button in<br />fast copy pro on the ST. to see how big it was. then you choose which fd0u you going to use.<br /><br />making st images from 720k<br /><br />on your own command line box<br />type:<br /><br />dd if=/dev/fd0u720 of=/image.st<br /><br />if you want to use the stuff from the image on real st you must write am st image on st disk<br />you must prepare a blank disk on the st.<br />if you have for example download a coverdisk from st format magazine issue 44 from<br />the internet<br /><br />filesize: 819200,  filename: STF44.ST<br />choose fd0u820@<br />format with fcopy pro sectors: 10, tracks: 0 .. 80, sides:2<br /><br />on your own command line box<br />type:<br /><br />dd if=STF44.ST of=/dev/fd0u820 count=1 bs=820k<br /><br />appendix<a name="appendix" title="appendix"></a><br /><br />/dev/fd0u???   sides   tracks(0 ..??)    sectors<br />fd0u360          1        79                9<br />fd0u720          2        79                9<br />fd0u800          2        ??                ??          <-- find out yourself please?<br />fd0u820          2        80               10<br />fd0u830          2        81               10<br /><br />su                                        * root rulez!<br />mount /dev/fd0u720 -t msdos /mnt/floppy   * mount floppy drive on floppy/<br />cp atarifile.zip /mnt/floppy              * copy file to floppy/<br />umount /mnt/floppy<br /><br />making st images<br />dd if=dev/fd0?? of= image.st               * makes image<br />writing st images to disk<br />cd download/<br />dd if=floppy.st of=/dev/fd0u720 count=1 bs720k  * makes disk<br />ls                                         * list short   (show dir)<br />ll                                         * list long    (show dir)<br />[tab] autocomplete<br /><br />example:   ST [tab] fills in ST44.ST if there a filename ST44ST exist in current directory</p> </td>
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Last Updated ( Sunday, 30 December 2007 )
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  Fcopy format reads on pc  Chemmad 12-30-2007 15:33 

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